Key Info

Basic Information

Prof. Dr. Karl Bernhard Friedrich
Georesources and Materials Engineering
Excellent Science
Project duration:
01.12.2014 to 31.10.2019
EU contribution:
3.720.893,40 euros


European Training Network for Zero-waste Valorisation of Bauxite Residue (Red Mud)


To tackle its (critical) raw material dependency, Europe needs comprehensive strategies based on sustainable primary mining, substitution and recycling. Freshly produced flows and stocks of landfilled industrial residues such as mine tailings, non-ferrous slag and bauxite residue (BR) can provide major amounts of critical metals and, concurrently, minerals for low-carbon building materials. The European Training Network for Zero-Waste Valorisation of Bauxite Residue (REDMUD) therefore targets the vast streams of new and stockpiled BR in the EU-28.


  • Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium (Coordinator)
  • Helsingin yliopisto, Finland
  • Kungliga Tekniska Hoegskolan, Sweden
  • National Technical University of Athensntua, Greece
  • Tartu Ulikool, Estonia
  • MEAB Chemie Technik GmbH, Germany
  • Mytilineos Anonimi Etaira – Omilos Epicheiriseon, Greece
  • Alouminion Tis Ellados Viomichaniki Kai Emporiki Anonymos Etaireia Veae, Greece (Participation ended)
  • TITAN Cement Company S.A., Greece